smooth sumac identification

It has compound leaves with 7-13 smooth-edged leaflets, as shown in figure 1. Smooth sumac occurs throughout the state. Add to Likebox #137478415 - scumpia flowers,tree of the sumac family in the garden. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Summary. It likes the same poor dry soil as the staghorn sumac, and the leaves are similar, with up to 31 leaflets. Sumac plants have compound leaves with 9-11 leaflets for most species. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. Ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, and about 300 species of songbirds include sumac fruit in their diet. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. Rhus glabra, called smooth or white sumac, can be found in all 48 states of the continental US. Wonderful for naturalizing in the landscape. From what I have seen, Smooth Sumac is the most common species found in the wild in the Southeastern part of the state. Smooth Sumac is a dioecious species (male & female flowers are produced on separate plants). This United States native winters well in hardiness zones 4 to 9. Smooth Sumac slide 30c 360% slide 30a 360% III-57. Absolutely fabulous fall color! I use smooth sumac which is similar to staghorn except the berries are smooth without the “hairs”. Here are the four key items to look for in order to positively identify staghorn and smooth sumac (taken from my previous article): Compound Toothed Leaves: Both species have pinnately compound leaves with serrated edges. – staghorn, smooth, winged, and one more I can’t remember. Datasheet. In this video, you will learn the difference between Staghorn Sumac and Smooth Sumac. Twigs are stout, angular, smooth, and covered with a whitish, waxy coating that can be wiped … The branches and undersides of leaves lack hairs and are glabrous with a whitish, waxy coating. The winged sumac (Rhus copallina)--also called the flameleaf sumac--is a small tree that ranges from 15 to 30 feet high with spreads up to 20 feet. Smooth sumac (R. glabra) is scattered statewide. Most species that produce strong skin reactions (mostly through contact with leaves), such as Posion Sumac, are in the Toxicodendron genus, rather than the Rhus genus. Woodland edges, openings. Smooth sumac is not poisonous. Native Americans were aware that red sumac berries were edible—analyses of remains of human feces contained sumac seeds dated to 1,200 CE at Antelope House in Canyon de Chelly and from at least 2,000 years ago at … Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. How to Identify Staghorn or Smooth Sumac. Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra L.) SPECIES CHARACTER DESCRIPTION Smooth sumac is a shrub or small tree that can grow to 20 feet (6.1 meters) tall and has a spreading crown. The 7 to 9 centimeters (23/4 to 31/2 inches) long lance-shaped leaves of this plant alternate along each stem. Winged sumac trees prefer well-drained soils in partially shady to fully sunny locations. It grows to a height of 6 metres (20 feet), with an open, flattened crown and a few stout spreading branches. Sumac leaves are 12-24 inches long. You can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a furry texture. Similar Images . Smooth sumac is known to shade and replace prairie plants and endangered species. Smooth sumac is typically found in stands of dense, multi-stemmed clones. Smooth sumac is a shrub or small tree that can grow to 20 feet (6.1 meters) tall and has a spreading crown. staghorn berries on plant before drying . Other articles where Smooth sumac is discussed: sumac: The smooth, or scarlet, sumac (Rhus glabra), native to the eastern and central United States, is a common species. The red hairs on the fruits are dense, tiny, and short. Bud Color - Gray-brown. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Smooth sumac is the only tree species … Species with red berries, including smooth and fragrant sumac, produce edible berries, while species with white berries, including poison ivy, have poisonous berries. Rhus glabra (smooth sumac) Index. Native Americans used the shoots for salad-like dishes. The male Smooth Sumac flower typically attracts a greater variety of bees and pollen seeking insects. The green leaves turn flaming red in the fall. It grows to a height of 6 metres (20 feet), with an open, flattened crown and a few stout spreading branches. Add to Likebox #132684150 - Staghorn sumac flower - Latin name - Rhus typhina. Will colonize into small groupings of short, low branches trees. Similar Images . Managers first must decide what part of the population should be removed. The leaves on a poison sumac are angled slightly upward, and they’re smooth and oblong-shaped. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Rhus glabra is found in the Four Corners area of Colorado, Arizona, and Utah but not in New Mexico. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. It is found in most regions of NC. There are several species or varieties out of which the most common types are the smooth sumac tree, staghorn sumac, poison sumac, poison ivy, and fragrant sumac. As this is a fairly common plant in the landscape, fruiting is not usually an issue. Some fifteen supposed species to be included in this, hav Smooth Sumac Rhus glabra Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This shrub is usually 3-10' tall, although occasionally it is up to 20' tall. Very similar to Staghorn Sumac in form and function with the main difference being the smooth new growth on this species. Twigs are stout, angular, smooth, and covered with a whitish, waxy coating that can be wiped off. For lemonade I pick the good berries from each head, pour room-temp water over them, mash with a large spoon (I use a potato masher), and steep about 15-30 min. Pricing/Availability: Because of its small size, Sumac is not a commercially important species. Control Recommendations Recommended Practices in Natural Communities of High Quality. Smooth Sumac is a native deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall and wide. Filter by type Search Advanced search Datasheet Rhus glabra (smooth sumac) Toolbox. The fruit ripens late, and is covered with short reddish acid hairs. — Smooth Sumac, Carnot, Pa. stalked, long-pointed, sharply toothed, dark green on the upper side and whitish on the under. Identification Tips. On older mature shrubs, trunk bark is brownish gray, horizontally fissured, and slightly warty, while the bark of major branches is brownish gray to reddish brown and more smooth. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has leaves somewhat similar to staghorn sumac. Per the analysis, it contained traces of smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and a type of wild tobacco commonly called Indian tobacco (Nicotiana quadrivalvis). Most poison sumac leaves are green, but they may be red or orange in early spring or fall. Sumacs turn bright red or orange red in the fall, making them a great plant for autumn interest. To differentiate poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets. It’s one of the largest species, with edible red berries which are less tart. As you travel northwest from the Milwaukee area and into the central sands region of the state, Shining Sumac is the most common sumac. Rhus glabra, the smooth sumac, (also known as white sumac, upland sumac, or scarlet sumac) is a species of sumac in the family Anacardiaceae, native to North America, from southern Quebec west to southern British Columbia in Canada, and south to northern Florida and Arizona in the United States and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico. Naitve Americans also used sumac leaves in the smoking mixture call kinninkinick. Smooth Sumac is easily distinguished from the related Large poison sumac trees, like other species of sumac, often grow long, thin branches that sag or tilt downward with age. The first step before eating any wild edible is to positively identify it. The bark is light brown and smooth on young plants. Though the tobacco species … Rhus typhina, called staghorn sumac, grows in the eastern and Midwest US. The plant usually is grown as a large shrub or small tree, and typically will spread into a colony of many plants through suckers. It is one of the primary native woody nuisances that moves into prairies in Missouri, where its dense colonies eliminate other native species. It is extremely drought tolerant and is often found in disturbed areas, open woodlands, prairies, on dry rocky hillsides, and in canyons. The stalk of the compound leaf is reddish. They tend to grow close together forming dense thickets. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Invasive Species Compendium. Smooth sumac (R. glabra) is a sparse ly branched shrub not more than 15 feet tall. Lower Dolores River Canyon, October 16, 2007. Winged sumac overlaps the range of smooth sumac but doesn’t extend as far to the northwest. Three to Five shrubs are needed for a reliable bounty of fruit (red drupes), found on the female plant. It is not a common plant but it certainly is easy to spot in the fall with its brilliant red leaves and tightly packed pyramid of red fruits. #124945164 - Sicilian sumac (Rhus coriaria), small tree also known as tanners.. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Rhus glabra, Smooth Sumac, Common Sumac. Similar Images . In fact the red berries can be crushed into water to make a tart drink (sumac-ade), due to the high concentration of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in the red covering over the seed clusters. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. The bark is light brown and smooth on young plants. … Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac) Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family) Foothills. DESCRIPTION . Similar to Staghorn sumac but shorter. A cultivated variety has much-dissected fernlike leaves. Unlike winged sumac, it lacks flattened leafy “wings” along the central stems of the compound leaves. The small green flowers are in dense panicles, and open from June to August, according to latitude; the flower-stalks are sometimes a httle hairy. Both grow 10 to 15 feet (3-5 m.) tall with a similar width, and have bright red fall colors. Smooth Sumac is a valuable native plant throughout the northern United States. Pastures, fence rows and overgrown fields are likely habitats for either species. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra L.) SPECIES CHARACTER . Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. A cultivated variety has much-dissected fernlike… Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Smooth sumac is typically found in stands of dense, multi-stemmed clones. The Short Answer: Poison sumac is a large shrub or small tree found in wet areas. In southwestern Pennsylvania we have three common sumac species that bear pointed red fruit clusters: Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. The number of leaflets depends on the variety. Smooth sumac appears much like a small 3 to 5 meters (9 to 15 feet) tall rapidly growing tree. It seems to be more tolerant of heavier soils than the other two species. Here in Missouri we have four varieties of sumac. SMOOTH SUMAC Rhus glabra L. Plant Symbol = RHGL Contributed by: USDA NRCS Northeast Plant Materials Program Uses Sumac serves primarily as a winter emergency food for wildlife. Last modified; 24 November 2019; Datasheet Type(s) Host Plant; Preferred Scientific … It typically has a single trunk and several leafy branches. Outstand- ing red fall color. It prefers acidic soils. 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