who was spartacus

Like most deserters, he was caught. Spartacus is a 1960 American epic historical drama film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Dalton Trumbo, and based on the 1951 novel of the same title by Howard Fast. Little is known of the early years of Spartacus. Thousands of others were killed by the army of the Roman general Pompey, who then claimed the credit for suppressing the rebellion. It is inspired by the life story of Spartacus , the leader of a slave revolt in antiquity, and the events of the Third Servile War . Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Spartacus-Roman-gladiator. While little of his early life is known, Spartacus was originally from Thrace, an area northeast of Macedonia, and may have been a Roman soldier. Their insurrection came to be known as the Third Servile War, or the Gladiators’ War. Like most lower-ranking slaves, she is often barefoot. The Spartacus Educational website provides a series of free history encyclopaedias. Around 6,000 of his followers who escaped were hunted down and crucified. She wears a ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave. Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. In 72 BC Spartacus and his army marched north towards Gaul (the Roman term for a region covering France, the Low Countries and northern Italy). Spartacus was the leader of a slave revolt against the Roman Republic in 73BC. The war and Spartacus’ role in it had a lasting effect. To read the original historical sources, see Historical Accounts of Spartacus' WarSpartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Gauls Crixus and Oenomaus, a Roman Castus, and a Celt Gannicus, was one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. 109 BC - ca. Spartacus was played by Kirk Douglas in a famous 1960 film (directed by Stanley Kubrick). Spartacus summary: Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator. She is of a slender and petite figure. Entries usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. But Spartacus and his men provided the spark of hope that became a wildfire of armed rage. Spartacus was the leader of an army of runaway slaves that shook Italy in 73-71 BCE but was ultimately defeated by the Roman general Crassus. According to Appian, a Roman historian but Greek by birth, Spartacus was born in Thrace but … Spartacus League a German revolutionary socialist group (the Spartacists) founded in 1916 by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (18711919) with the aims of overthrowing the government and ending the First World War; they took their name from the Thracian slave and revolutionary Spartacus.  © His forces struck blow after blow against Rome and wreaked havoc on the countryside for two years. Main index menu covering the Important Figures in the Case, Important Witnesses, Investigators, Researchers and Journalists, Possible Conspirators, Organizations and Operations, Reports on the Assassination, Kennedy Assassination Issues, Primary Sources: Key Issues, Primary Sources: Theories, Student Activities. This meant that the 5,000 men were split into 50 groups of 10, and essentially drew straws. Entries usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. He was a Thracian who joined the Roman army as a young man. The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. Spartacus (approximately 100–71 BCE), was a gladiator from Thrace who led a major revolt against Rome. Sibyl is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a side braid, blue eyes and fair skin. He joined the Roman legion when he was a teenager, but he really didn't like life in the legion, so he deserted. Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. The legend of Spartacus has inspired so many fanciful retellings, it's easy to lose track of what actually happened back in 73 BC. At the end of 1918 the group became the German Communist Party, which in 1919 organized an uprising in Berlin that was brutally crushed. He was a Thracian soldier who was captured and sold into slavery by the Romans, and forced to train as a gladiator. One of those was Spartacus, the leader of a rebellion of gladiators and slaves that escalated to a full-scale war in the years 73-70. The slave Spartacus leads a violent revolt against the decadent Roman Republic. He plundered most of Italy before being defeated and killed in a pitched battle. We have two main sources: Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122) describes this war in his Life of Crassus (text), and one generation later, Appian told the story in his History of the Civil wars (text). It is generally believed he deserted, and some sources say he led bandit raids. Spartacus may have served in the Roman Army. He has become a modern-day inspirational figure. To read the original historical sources, see Historical Accounts of Spartacus' WarSpartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Gauls Crixus and Oenomaus, a Roman Castus, and a Celt Gannicus, was one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. As the Ancient Encyclopedia explains, the slave army led by Spartacus was made up of as many as 120,000 men who were laying waste to southern Italy and had already defeated two Roman armies when Crassus was sent to put the rebellion down. The fiercely independent slave seeks freedom for himself and his downtrodden companions. The movie, which starred Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim. She is of a slender and petite figure. She was called Sura in the recent TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand. He was eventually defeated by Crassus and crucified. Main index menu covering the Important Figures in the Case, Important Witnesses, Investigators, Researchers and Journalists, Possible Conspirators, Organizations and Operations, Reports on the Assassination, Kennedy Assassination Issues, Primary Sources: Key Issues, Primary Sources: Theories, Student Activities. Spartacus is an American television series produced in New Zealand that premiered on Starz on January 22, 2010, and concluded on April 12, 2013. Spartacus’s troops defeated them so badly that when Mummius’s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited. Impressively, his forces jumped from a mere 74 escapees to nearly 60,000 men (with some estimates as high as 125,000). He is thought to have been born in Thrace (modern day Balkan region) and it has been suggested he was in the Roman army. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Like most deserters, he was caught. His leadership resulted in the defeat of nine Roman armies. revolt of spartacus: The real Spartacus was a freeborn provincial from Thrace, who may have served as an auxiliary in the Roman army in Macedonia. This man’s name was Spartacus. His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. Leading his army of runaway slaves, which has been estimated to have reached 100,000 men, Spartacus defeated a series of Roman attacks using tactics which would now be called guerrilla warfare. Spartacus, a former slave in the Roman Empire, did not think it was very fair and neither did the other thousands of people that led a revolt with Spartacus against slavery. Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. She wears a ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave. Crassus ordered their decimation. Stanley Kubrick directed Kirk Douglas in the film Spartacus, released in 1960. His first attempt was unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus' orders. Rome's legions were sorely challenged by rebellious slaves and gladiators led up and down the Italian boot by the determined Thracian named Spartacus Spartacus was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Romans. The Third Servile War, also called by Plutarch the Gladiator War and the War of Spartacus, was the last in a series of slave rebellions against the Roman Republic, known as the Servile Wars.The Third was the only one directly to threaten the Roman heartland of Italy.It was particularly alarming to Rome because its military seemed powerless to suppress it. Spartacus League a German revolutionary socialist group (the Spartacists) founded in 1916 by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (18711919) with the aims of overthrowing the government and ending the First World War; they took their name from the Thracian slave and revolutionary Spartacus. One of those was Spartacus, the leader of a rebellion of gladiators and slaves that escalated to a full-scale war in the years 73-70. That's all we really know about him. By the end of 72 BC, they were camped at Rhenium, (now Reggio di Calabria) probably intending to go on to Sicily. Spartacus was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Romans. We have two main sources: Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122) describes this war in his Life of Crassus (text), and one generation later, Appian told the story in his History of the Civil wars (text). In The Spartacus War, Barry Strauss gives a … Spartacus (1960) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Read more. There, he led a slave rebellion in 73 B.C. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus His story was also the loose basis for the TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, with Andy Whitfield as Spartacus, which debuted on the Starz cable network in 2010. He was basically a slave who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the Romans. His story was also the loose basis for the TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, with Andy Whitfield as Spartacus, which debuted on the Starz cable network in 2010. Spartacus (died 71 B.C.) Like most lower-ranking slaves, she is often barefoot. With Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier, Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton. Spartacus was played by Kirk Douglas in a famous 1960 film (directed by Stanley Kubrick). The goal of this essay is to determine if Spartacus had an impact on the Roman Empire, or if the slave revolt he led was a failure that led to a waste of time and lives. Historical accounts vary and often contradict each other, but most agree that he was an accomplished military leader, and perhaps served in the Roman army, which gave him an understandin… We don't know for sure that Spartacus was married, let alone what his wife's name was—although Plutarch does say Spartacus was married to a Thracian. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. Other say that he was not an auxiliary of Roman legions but was rather only captured by the legions … The problem is that Spartacus lost, and all his fellow gladiator-slave compadres who said, “I am Spartacus” were martyred for a lost cause, too. He deserted the army, was outlawed, captured, sold into slavery, and trained at the gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. The Spartacus Educational website provides a series of free history encyclopaedias. Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. Spartacus, a former slave in the Roman Empire, did not think it was very fair and neither did the other thousands of people that led a revolt with Spartacus against slavery. Read the essential details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. He was sent to a gladiator school where he constantly trained to fight. Biographies >> Ancient Rome. Both accounts describe more or less the same events in exactly the same sequence, and it is tempting to see the same source behind their stories, probably the Histories of Sallust or (less l… Spartacus is thought to have been killed in the battle. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. 1. Spartacus was born in Thrace, an area where the modern-day Balkans states, including Turkey, Bulgaria, and Greece, are located.Though little is known about Spartacus’ early life, historians believe he may once have served in the Roman army.. Spartacus was sold into slavery, perhaps due to rebellion against or desertion from the army. According to the surviving sources, Spartacus was from Thrace, an area in southeast Europe that the Romans were often trying to subjugate during the first century B.C.. He was then put into the arena to fight animals or other gladiators. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. Both accounts describe more or less the same events in exactly the same sequence, and it is tempting to see the same source behind their stories, probably the Histories of Sallust or (less likely) Liv… Spartacus, American epic adventure film, released in 1960, that recounts the story of a historical slave uprising (73–71 bce) against Rome. The text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the encyclopaedia. 1. Spartacus was an ancient Roman slave and gladiator who led a rebellion against the Roman Republic. The administration in Rome now began to take the threat from Spartacus seriously and the Roman politician and general Marcus Licinius Crassus led an army south. Plutarch and Spartacus' Marriage . "When Spartacus beat a Roman praetor though, all of a sudden there was another option; there was a group you could flee to that had managed to not just stand against Rome, but had actually managed to defeat a Roman officer on the battlefield," he says. Spartacus was just one of the many who made the trek into Italy was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a major slave revolt. Nothing is known of his youth nor how he became a slave to Rome. Spartacus (1960) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. He appears to have served in a Roman auxiliary unit for a time, deserted and became either a bandit or insurgent against the Romans. Spartacus Nothing is known of his youth nor how he became a slave to Rome. The Spartacist League was a revolutionary socialist group, formed in Germany in 1916, which unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow the government in 1919. The uprising soon spreads across the Italian Peninsula involving thousand of slaves. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. Roman slave and gladiator, and leader of a famous slave revolt. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. They fought off a series of attacks from Roman forces, but then turned south. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. Sibyl is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a side braid, blue eyes and fair skin. He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a major slave revolt. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus (played by Douglas), who earns a reputation for courage as a gladiator while a possession of the wealthy Lentulus Batiatus ( Peter Ustinov ). He was eventually defeated by Crassus and crucified. Who was the real Spartacus? Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? Spartacus then switched gears and marched his men toward Sicily. Julius Caesar, upon becoming dictator for life, remembered the rebellion and became determined to prevent another. There are 3 hypothetical birth places for Spartacus. Read the essential details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. Spartacus, however, is described by Plutarch as \"more Greek than Thracian\" and notes that he was exceptionally intelligent and highly cultured. He and his army ignited a slave revolt that threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core. Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. Spartacus Was a Real Gladiator and the Baddest Rebel Leader in Rome Kirk Douglas, with armor on his right arm, engages in a fight in a scene from the 1960 movie "Spartacus," directed by Stanley Kubrick. Every unlucky tenth was killed. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. He joined the Roman legion when he was a teenager, but he really didn't like life in the legion, so he deserted. As the Ancient Encyclopedia explains, the slave army led by Spartacus was made up of as many as 120,000 men who were laying waste to southern Italy and had already defeated two Roman armies when Crassus was sent to put the rebellion down. In 73 B.C., a Thracian slave leads a revolt at a gladiatorial school run by Lentulus Batiatus (Sir Peter Ustinov). Spartacus, however, is described by Plutarch as \"more Greek than Thracian\" and notes that he was exceptionally intelligent and highly cultured. The goal of this essay is to determine if Spartacus had an impact on the Roman Empire, or if the slave revolt he led was a failure that led to a waste of time and lives. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Douglas played the title character. Spartacus escaped in 73 BC and took refuge on nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him. Spartacus (Latin: Spartacus; Greek: Σπάρτακος; ca. The text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the encyclopaedia. Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. The Spartacus acting legend, who had been in good health since suffering a stroke in 1996, is survived by his wife of 65 years, Anne, and his sons Michael, Joel, and … He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. As Spartacus, played by Kirk Douglas, stands up to say, "I'm Spartacus," his best friend Antoninus (Tony Curtis) jumps up, along with dozens of others, all exclaiming, "I'm Spartacus… Occupation: Gladiator Born: Around 109 BC Died: 71 BC on a battlefield near Petelia, Italy Best known for: Leading a slave uprising against Rome Biography: Early Life Not a lot is known about Spartacus' early life. His first attempt was unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus' orders. was a Thracian gladiator who led a slave war in Italy against the Romans. That's all we really know about him. 71 BC) was a gladiator of Thracian origin, lived in the Roman Republic and was the leader of the most famous slave revolt in Ancient Rome, known as " Third Servile War "," Slave War "or" Gladiator War ".Spartacus led, during the revolt, a rebel army that had almost 40,000 ex-slaves. Through a series of laws, he hoped to reduce the dependency on slaves by encouraging the hiring of free laborers. Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) A Thracian by birth, Spartacus served in the Roman army, perhaps deserted, led bandit raids, and was caught and sold as a slave. At the end of 1918 the group became the German Communist Party, which in 1919 organized an uprising in Berlin that was brutally crushed. Spartacus lived the life of a gladiator. Spartacus was a Thracian, originally from a region north of Macedonia, which was considered by both Greeks and Romans as uncivilized and barbaric. Read more. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. (Other sources: 111 BCE, although I don’t know where they get it from). Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Directed by Stanley Kubrick. The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. Spartacus was a Thracian, originally from a region north of Macedonia, which was considered by both Greeks and Romans as uncivilized and barbaric. He was sold into slavery and trained at the gladiatorial school in Capua, north of Naples. However, the only sure thing is that he is Thracian (and Roman mercenary) and born approximately around 109 BC. Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. Little is known about his life before he became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman Republic. Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator, who became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman Republic. Spartacus was responsible for one of history's most daring rebellions, the Third Servile War. This illustration depicts his death in battle. Varinia is the name novelist Howard Fast invented for the wife of Spartacus. Rome was no stranger to slave revolts, but … Little is known about this fighting enslaved man from Thrace beyond his role in the spectacular revolt that became known as the Third Servile War (73–71 BCE). With about 70 fellow gladiators he escaped a gladiatorial training school at Capua in 73 and took refuge on Mount Vesuvius, where other runaway slaves joined the band.After defeating two Roman forces in succession, the rebels overran most of southern Italy. The slaves managed to break through the fortifications that Crassus had built to trap them, but were pursued to Lucania where the rebel army was destroyed. Historian Plutarch described him as cultured and intelligent, “more Greek than Thracian.”

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